DIY fuel production

From OpenGarages
Jump to: navigation, search

This page lists personal fuel generators for those fuels that can not easily be obtained via regular filling stations.

Ethanol still

An ethanol still allows you to extract ethanol from a mash. To make the mash, you basically just need sugar, water and yeast. There are however legal restrictions in many countries (i.e. you often need to get a permit to be able to own/operate a still). So make sure you get this in order before even thinking of doing this.

Some stills are:

The above stills use sugar as its base ingredient, derived from human-consumable crops (which need to be especially grown for this). A more ecologic approach is to use feedstocks that can not be used to feed humans. An example of such a feedstock, which can also be easily grown at home, is algae. Algae species as Sargassum, Glacilaria, Prymnesium parvum, or Euglena gracilis can be used for such purposes. The ethanol can be extracted from them using distillation, after having added certain yeast species.

Biobutanol processor

Biobutanol processors allow you to make biobutanol (from i.e. algae). Biobutanol can be used in unaltered gasoline engines. Biobutanol processors can be made using Jamie Hestekin's PEACE-1 biobutanol processor. It is able to generate about 1 to 2 liter of fuel from 15 kg of algae. The algae (i.e. Clostridium saccharoperbutylacetonicum) can be grown in a pond, disused swimming pool, photobioreactor or even in throughs made in your garden, along with the processor equipment itself.

Oxyhydrogen & hydrogen generators

The following devices allow to generate oxyhydrogen (when a mix of distilled water with baking soda, sodium or potassium hydroxide is used) or hydrogen (when plain distilled water is used). Keep in mind that producing hydrogen is much less energy efficient than producing oxyhydrogen. Also take note that you still need to combine it with a gas compressor to fill steel cylinders (1) with this fuel. Most often, CNG compressors (2) are used, but these still tend to be expensive.

Biodiesel processor

You can download the plans of the open-source biodiesel processors here

Biodiesel processors allow you to make biodiesel from pure plant oil (and even waste vegetable oil, but you then need to filter it first). This is useful for those customers that don't want to alter their vehicle engine. Commercial companies supplying open-source biodiesel processors include:

Notes

  • 1: Roy McAllister mentions you could use 2nd hand (80 cubic foot) 3000 psi SCUBA dive tanks instead of standard steel cylinders used for storing hydrogen (which can handle 5000-10000 psi) so as to reduce costs (stated price of used diving tanks being between $50 and $100)
  • 2: inexpensive air compressors can't be used for this task, mainly because of the danger of explosion with these, and the fact that they can only compress the gas to about 100 psi (and you need to be able to compress it to at least 3000 psi (and for optimal range, even 5000 - 10000 psi assuming your tank can handle this pressure of course)